The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is an ancient country, dating back to the 2nd century BC, and is the 2nd most populous nation on the continent, and the 27th largest nation on earth.  Ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history remaining free of colonial rule except for a brief period of Italian occupation from 1936 to 1941.  A military junta took control of the country in 1974 and installed a socialist dictatorship which resulted in bloody uprisings and coup attempts.  The government was eventually toppled by rebel forces in 1991 and the country ratified its first constitution in 1994, and held its first multi-party democratic election in 1995. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa, and is bordered by Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, and Kenya.  The country has some of the highest mountains in Africa as well as some of the lowest areas below sea level, and its northern most area records some of the highest year round temperatures on earth. The country also experiences numerous droughts, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions which cause many challenges for the citizens of Ethiopia to endure. Many Olympic athletes have come from Ethiopia, and the country has a long history of producing some of the world’s fastest distance runners.


Non-Profit Organizations Helping Ethiopia