The Republic of Mali, located in Western Africa, was once part of the trans-Saharan trade route that was controlled by its empire along with the empire’s of Ghana and Soghai. These empires controlled the very profitable gold, salt, and slave trades until the European’s established more efficient trade routes by sea. In the late 19th century, France took control of the region which became known as French Sudan, and later, the Sudanese Republic, and controlled the region until 1960 when the Sudanese Republic and Senegal united as the Mali Federation, gaining its independence from the French. Senegal left the federation a couple of months late allowing Mali to become the independent Republic of Mali.
The country quickly became a socialist state with the government controlling virtually all aspects of the economy until public dissatisfaction resulted in a 1991 coup. The new government crafted the country’s first constitution, and multi-party elections were held that same year. Mali is now one of Africa’s most stable countries, both politically and socially, although about half of the country’s population still live below the international poverty line of $1.25 US per day.
The history of Mali has been marked with tragic drought’s and famines that have cost many lives, including their worst recorded famine which killed nearly half the population of Timbuktu in the years 1738 through 1756.
- Soumaila Samake
- Ousmane Cisse
Non Profit Foundations in Mali
- Peopless Movement For Human Rights Learning
- Friedrich-ebert-stiftung Fes Mali
- Fondation Paul Gerin-lajoie Mali
- Mali Health Organizing Project